Westfield Junior School

Geography

 

Geography develops pupils’ understanding of the world in which they live through the study of place, space and environment.

Whilst geography provides a basis for pupils to understand their role within the world, by exploring locality and how people fit into a global structure, the subject also encourages children to learn through experience, particularly through practical and fieldwork activities.

Through the teaching of geography, Westfield Junior School aims to:

  • Increase pupils’ awareness, knowledge and understanding of other cultures.
  • Develop pupils’ graphic skills, including how to use, draw and interpret maps.
  • Make pupils aware of environmental problems at a local, regional and global level.
  • Encourage pupils to commit to sustainable development.
  • Develop a variety of skills, including those in relation to problem-solving, ICT and presenting conclusions in the most appropriate way.

 

Year 3

One Planet, Our World

In the One Planet, Our World project, children use maps to locate countries and read four-figure grid references. They sort and classify human and physical features, and begin to use the eight points of a compass to locate geographical features on a map. Children will study data to find out about life in three settlements. They learn about the layers of Earth and study plate tectonics. They name and describe the five major climate zones on Earth and begin to use longitude and latitude to locate places on a world map. Children locate and name countries and capital cities in Europe before studying significant human and physical features in the United Kingdom. They learn about significant UK counties and cities and carry out fieldwork to study the effect of weather on the local environment. Children learn the five main types of land use and carry out an enquiry to discover more about local land use.

 
Rocks, Relics and Rumbles

In the Rocks, Relics and Rumbles project, children learn about the different layers of the Earth, including plate tectonics and their potential effects on the Earth's surface. They investigate different types of rock to learn about their uses and properties. They also investigate soil and fossils, including learning about the work of Mary Anning. They have the opportunity to use maps to learn about the lines of latitude and longitude and a compass to learn about the cardinal and intercardinal points. They also learn about volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunamis and the long and short-term consequences that these can have.

 

Year 4

Interconnected World
In the Interconnected World project, children use compasses to plot points on a map. They revise four-figure grid references before learning about six-figure grid references to accurately pinpoint features on a map. They identify the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn and understand the characteristics of a tropical climate. Children learn about the countries, climates and culture of North and South America. They identify significant physical features in the United Kingdom and use their map reading skills to learn about the National Rail network. They extend this learning, by exploring the development of the canal network in the past and how the use of canals has changed over time. The classes will conduct an enquiry to prove a hypothesis and use maps and surveys to gather information and draw conclusions.
 
Misty Mountain, Winding River

In the Misty Mountain, Winding River project, children learn about the characteristics and physical processes of rivers, including how they shape the landscape over time, their significance around the world and the impact of flooding. They learn how to use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and a key to locate and plot geographical places and features on a map, as well as how contour lines are used to show the topography of an area. They have the opportunity to learn about the stages of the water cycle and about mountains and their different formations, studying mountain ranges in the United Kingdom and around the world. They also learn about habitats and how human and natural influences can have an impact on the environment.

 

Year 5

Investigating Our World

During the Investigating Our World project, children study Ordnance Survey maps to write a description of the local area. They learn about contour lines and revise six-figure grid references to locate features on maps. Child learn about the Prime, or Greenwich, Meridian and find out that Greenwich Mean Time, or GMT, is taken from the Prime Meridian. They will know that the Earth is split into 24 time zones and calculate the time in places worldwide. Children learn about climate zones, vegetation belts and biomes. They find out that the climate and vegetation in an area determine the animals that live there.  Children learn about the human geography of the continents and locate capital cities around the world. They identify relative locations and use the scale bars on maps to find the distance between places. They study the motorway network across the United Kingdom, learning how they connect towns, cities and transport links across the country. Children explore a settlement hierarchy diagram and learn about the relative size, significance and populations of settlements. At the end of the project, they carry out a fieldwork enquiry to discover which settlement types are in their local area.

 
Sow, Grow and Farm
In the Sow, Grow and Farm project, children learn about allotments in the United Kingdom and how the government encouraged people to have them to support food rationing during the Second World War. They learn about food webs and animal life cycles, including how living things are dependent on one another within a habitat. They investigate the different ways that plants reproduce and will dissect flowering plants to identify the different structures. They have the opportunity to learn about farming in the United Kingdom and the techniques used in modern farming, including the challenges that farmers face. They learn about the benefits of eating seasonally and about the pros and cons of importing food. They also learn about world farming and how the different climate zones affect where different foods can be grown.
 

Year 6

Our Changing World

During the Our Changing World project, children revise the features of the Earth and learn more about time zones. They recall how to use lines of latitude and longitude to pinpoint places on a world map and learn about map scale. They measure distances on a map and revisit grid references, contour lines and map symbols. Children learn about global warming and climate change and discover how climate change and extreme weather affect people worldwide. They learn about global trade and find out about the export of manufactured goods, food or natural resources. Children analyse recent road traffic accident figures and carry out fieldwork to find out about the safety of a local road. They study patterns of human settlements and carry out a fieldwork investigation to describe local settlement patterns.

 

Frozen Kingdoms

In the Frozen Kingdoms project, children learn about the regions of the Arctic and Antarctic. They learn about the similarities and differences between these two regions, including the climate, landscape and natural resources. They learn how to use grid references, lines of latitude and longitude, contour lines and symbols to identify the geographical locations of the Arctic and Antarctic, and how these, along with the tilt of the Earth, affect day length and warmth. They investigate polar oceans to learn how they differ from other oceans on Earth and how climate change increases Earth's temperature and leads to rising sea levels. They learn about the indigenous people of the Arctic, including how their lives have changed over time, and about the positives and negatives of tourism in Antarctica. They also learn about classifying animals, animal adaptations and evolution, and polar exploration and discovery.

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 Geography Skills Progression.pdfDownload
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Westfield Road, Hinckley, Leicestershire LE10 0LT

01455 637437

office@westfield-jun.leics.sch.uk