Westfield Junior School

Lower Meadow Curriculum

Years 3 & 4

 

Pupils who are taught in our DSP receive the same curriculum over a two-year rolling programme as pupils who are taught in mainstream classes, although curriculum content is carefully adapted according to ability.  Wherever possible, we also ensure that DSP pupils benefit from a wide range of curriculum enrichment activities, such as trips and visitors.

Spring Term B

History

The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

Building on knowledge of Ancient Rome from the previous unit, the children will now look in more depth at the Roman Empire, how it expanded and ultimately fell. This unit will help children to understand how power and influence was important to the success of the Roman Empire, but ultimately how the struggle for power led to the fall of the Empire. Children will explore concepts such as empire, civilisation, conflict, and religion in this unit.

The unit begins by looking at the Punic Wars, three major wars fought over 118 years between the Romans and the Carthaginians. Children will learn about the significant historical figure Hannibal, and will learn that he is thought to have taken elephants across the Alps to attack Rome. They will learn that after being victorious in the third Punic War, the Roman Empire gained power and influence and was able to spread.

The children will also learn about the historically significant Julius Caesar, including his life and his assassination. They will learn the phrase ‘crossing the Rubicon’ and will understand that Julius Caesar led his armies across the Rubicon River, making a decision to attack Rome and committing a crime that he could never undo. Children will learn the significance of this military decision. This unit explains what led to Caesar’s assassination by senators who conspired to kill him to stop his reign as ‘dictator for life’, and the impact of this. This story helps children to understand how power was distributed, and fought for, in Rome.

This unit moves on to explore the Pax Romana,. They will earn about the spread of Christianity and Emperor Constantine’s vision of the cross.

Finally, the unit explores the reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire, including power struggles, invasions, civil war and the exile of Romulus Augustus, the last Roman emperor.

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Art and Design

Monuments of Ancient Rome

Pupils will look at three monuments in detail: the Pantheon, the Colosseum and Trajan’s Column. They explore the features of each monument, their construction and how they displayed the power of the emperor who had them built, or who they were in memory of.

The children create their own model of the Pantheon in groups.

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Design & Technology

Moving Toys

The children will make a miniature playground which operates using a gear mechanism and electrical circuit for a KS1 child.

Geography

UK: Northern Ireland

Children will use maps of Ireland and Northern Ireland to locate key features and locations.

Throughout this unit children will be forming an understanding that Northern Ireland is a diverse place, with contrasting landscapes including rural and urban environments. Children will build on their map skills, using maps of Northern Ireland to look at the shape of the land and to identify key locations.

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Science

Sound

In this unit pupils will learn that sound is caused by a back-and-forth movement: a vibration. A vibrating object will make the particles of air around it vibrate too. The air particles, which are pushed one way, push neighbouring particles in the same way, and then bounce back, so the vibration spreads outwards. This vibration spreading outwards is what we call sound. How far away you can hear a sound depends on its volume. This is to do with the amplitude (size) of the vibration. A quiet sound, like a whisper, doesn’t travel very far. But a really loud sound can travel for hundreds of miles.

Pupils will learn that more than a hundred years ago when a volcano exploded on the island of Krakatoa, the sound could be heard in Australia, almost three thousand miles away.

Pupils will learn that when you sing a high note, your vocal cords vibrate very fast, hundreds of times a second. We call this a high frequency sound and we hear it as high pitch. When you sing a low note, your vocal cords vibrate more slowly. Lower frequency vibrations make a sound with a lower pitch. 

Pupils will work scientifically by investigating the different sounds made by vibrations using a range of objects including musical instruments.

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Lower Meadow Information

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Westfield Road, Hinckley, Leicestershire LE10 0LT

01455 637437

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